El Pasado Continuo en ingl茅s (Past Continuous) – PDF

驴C贸mo se forma el Pasado Continuo en ingl茅s?

(I was doing, you were working…)

– Explicaci贸n simple con ejemplos y ejercicios聽–

 

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En esta lecci贸n vamos a estudiar el Pasado Continuo (Past Continuous en ingl茅s), tambi茅n llamado pret茅rito progresivo o pasado progresivo.

El presente simple (I do) tiene su presente continuo (I am doing).

El pasado simple (I did) por lo tanto tiene su pasado continuo (I was doing).

Por lo tanto, nos centraremos aqu铆 en el pasado continuo (o past continuous en ingl茅s). A veces se llama pasado progresivo (past progressive), pret茅rito continuo o pret茅rito progresivo, pero no me malinterprete, 隆es exactamente lo mismo!

1/ Formaci贸n del Pasado Continuo en ingl茅s:

‘to be’ al pasado simple聽(WAS / WERE) + basa verbal+ ING

  • I / he / she / it 聽 was 聽 聽 playing, having, moving
  • we / you / they 聽 were 聽 聽聽doing, reading, writing

2/ 驴Cu谩l es la diferencia entre el past simple y el Pasado Continuo?

Mira el siguiente ejemplo:

  • Past simple: I had lunch at noon yesterday聽 聽鈫捖 Almorc茅 al mediod铆a ayer.
  • Past continuous: I was having lunch at noon yesterday 聽 鈫捖 Estaba almorzando al mediod铆a ayer.

3/ 驴Para qu茅 se usa el Pasado Continuo en ingl茅s?

En espa帽ol se puede traducir como ‘estar en el proceso de…’ (en el pasado)

>> Lo usamos para hablar sobre una acci贸n en progreso en un momento pasado:

  • We were waiting at the caf茅.

>> Para decir que una acci贸n en progreso ha sido interrumpida (hay entonces el past simple en la oraci贸n):

  • I was drinking at the bar when she called me.
  • I hurt my leg while I was running in the park.
  • He phoned me when we were having lunch.
  • It was snowing when I went out.

>> Cuando dos acciones ocurrieron al mismo tiempo, sin tener ninguna influencia entre ellas (a menudo se utiliza 芦while禄):

  • John was watching TV while Linda was reading a book.
  • I聽was studying聽while he聽was making聽dinner.
  • While Dave聽was sleeping聽last night, someone stole his car.
  • What聽were聽you聽doing聽while you聽were waiting?
  • They聽were drinking beer, talking about life, and聽having聽fun.

>> Acciones pasadas que irritan al hablante:

  • Bob was always complaining.
  • She was constantly repeating the same story.

>> Acciones pasadas que se repet铆an a menudo:

  • He was jogging around the lake every day.

>> Para describir a una persona en el pasado:

  • When I saw him he was wearing a hat.
  • The thief was wearing a black hood.

4/ El Pasado Continuo聽en frases negativas:

  • I聽was not聽talking to you (= I wasn’t talking to you)
  • You聽were not聽playing聽football (=聽You聽weren’t聽playing聽football)
  • They were not dancing at the party (= They weren’t dancing at the party)

5/ Hacer preguntas al Pasado Continuo:

  • Was聽I聽playing聽football ?
  • Why were聽you聽not watching聽football ?
  • What聽were聽they聽doing聽when the show started?

6/ Forma activa/pasiva

  • The thief聽was stealing聽the diamond when the police arrived (Activa)
  • The diamond聽was being stolen聽by the thief when the police arrived (Pasiva)

鈿狅笍 Algunos verbos no se utilizan normalmente en el Pasado Continuo (ni tampoco en el presente continuo) con algunas excepciones. La lista no est谩 completa pero aqu铆 est谩n los principales:

love / like / know / want / need / seem / mean / prefer / belong / understand / consist / suppose / remember / realise / forget / notice…聽

  • I needed to go to the doctor (y no ‘I was needing…’)
  • I loved this movie ! (y no ‘I was loving this movie‘)
  • We wanted to go out but it was raining (y no ‘we were wanting…’)

 

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