El Presente Perfecto Continuo en ingl茅s (PDF)

驴C贸mo usar el Presente Perfecto Continuo en ingl茅s (I’ve been playing)?

– Explicaci贸n simple con ejemplos y ejercicios聽–

 

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A diferencia del presente perfecto, que es bastante complicado de dominar, el presente perfecto continuo (o presente perfecto continuo / presente perfecto ing) es bastante simple de usar.

Se utiliza para hablar de una acci贸n que comenz贸 en tiempo pasado y contin煤a en el momento presente. A menudo se utiliza para enfatizar la duraci贸n de una acci贸n (con 芦for禄, 芦since禄 y 芦how long…?禄).

Paul started playing guitar when he was a child.
= He has been playing guitar since he was a child (and he is still playing guitar.)

1/ Formaci贸n

Have/has + been + verbe -ing

Afirmativa Negativa Pregunta
聽I聽/聽you聽/聽we聽/聽they 聽 聽I have been playing 聽I have not been playing 聽Have I been playing ?_
聽he聽/聽she聽/聽it聽 聽He has been playing_ 聽He has not been playing_ 聽Has he been playing ?_

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Tambi茅n podemos usar la forma contratada de I have = I’ve, He has = He’s…

2/ Uso

Cuando desee insistir en la duraci贸n (no el resultado) de una acci贸n que ha finalizado recientemente o a煤n contin煤a:

  • I’ve been watching TV聽for聽3 hours.
  • She has been living in London聽since聽2010.
  • She聽has been writing聽for two hours.
  • How long have you been learning English ? 鈫 I’ve been learning English since a few weeks.
  • Sam has been teaching at the university since June.
  • I’ve been looking for you for one hour !
  • How long has it been raining? 鈫 It has been raining the whole day.
  • He’s been waiting for the train聽since 3pm.
  • How long have you been travelling in Argentina? 鈫 I鈥檝e been traveling for聽about a year.
  • How long have you been studying japanese ? 鈫捖I鈥檝e been studying japanese聽for聽years.

Una acci贸n completada recientemente y de la que podemos ver un resultado temporal (nos centramos en la acci贸n):

  • She has been working聽all afternoon, that’s why she is so tired.
  • You’re out of breath,聽where聽have聽you聽been running?
  • Why do you look so tired ? 鈫 I haven’t been sleeping well.
  • Recently,聽I’ve been feeling聽really tired.
  • What have you been doing ? 鈫捖營鈥檝e been cleaning the house.
  • It has been raining, the ground is wet.
  • My hands are dirty, I’ve been fixing the car.
  • Marcos has not been practicing his English lately.
  • Guess what he鈥檚 been doing !

3/ Notas

鈿狅笍聽聽Los verbos estatales como believe, love, have, know… no tienen una forma progresiva (con -ing). Las 煤nicas excepciones al Presente Perfecto Continuo son want y mean (por ejemplo:聽I’ve been meaning to tell Sarah, but I keep forgetting).

  • Tom聽has been having聽his car for two years.聽鉂
  • Tom has had聽his car for two years.聽鉁旓笍

鈿狅笍聽 驴For o Since ?

  • I’ve been waiting since 2pm. (fecha / hora)
  • I’ve been waiting for 2 hours. (duraci贸n)
  • He has been living in China since 1997. (fecha / hora)
  • He has been living in China for 18 years. (duraci贸n)

鈿狅笍聽 Al usar el presente perfecto continuo en una pregunta, implica que puede ver, sentir, escuchar o sentir el resultado de una acci贸n. Si dice ‘Have you been feeling alright ?‘, significa que la persona parece enferma o con mala salud. Si dices ‘Have you been smoking ?‘ podr铆a significar que la persona huele a cigarrillos.

Por lo tanto, se puede insultar a alguien al usar este tiempo incorrectamente. Del mismo modo, si dices ‘You鈥檝e been watching television again !‘ o ‘You鈥檝e been eating chocolate‘ acusas a la persona con la que est谩s hablando.

 

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