El Futuro Perfecto en ingl茅s

驴C贸mo se forma el Futuro Perfecto en ingl茅s?

(I will have played)

– Explicaci贸n simple con ejemplos y ejercicios –

 

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El futuro perfecto (o futur perfect en ingl茅s) se utiliza generalmente para hablar de acciones que se completar谩n antes de un determinado momento, evento u otra acci贸n futura.

  • He will have finished school before 5pm. (= Saldr谩 de la escuela a las 5:00.)聽
  • The party will already have finished by the time we get there. (= La fiesta habr谩 terminado para cuando lleguemos.)
  • Tomorrow morning she will have left. (= Ma帽ana por la ma帽ana se habr谩 ido.)聽

1/ Estructura

Sujeto + WILL HAVE + Verbo (participio pasado)

Afirmativo_ Negativo Pregunta
聽I / you / he / she / it / we / you / they_ 聽I will have played_ _I will not (= I won’t) have played_ _Will I have played ?_

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  • (+)聽He will have finished work by 5pm.
  • (-)聽He will not have (= won’t have)聽finished work by 5pm.
  • (?) Will he have聽finished work by 5pm?

2/ Uso

Usamos el futuro perfecto para expresarnos:

* Una acci贸n tomada antes de un evento o acci贸n futura…

Algo suceder谩 antes de otra acci贸n en el futuro, o antes de un momento espec铆fico en el futuro (tomorrow, next month, before something, by 2pm…).

Notar谩n que usamos el presente simple para los puntos de referencia:

  • He聽will have cleaned up聽the house before they move in.
  • She聽will have written聽the letter before tonight.
  • I will have finished聽the job before the deadline.
  • How many countries聽will you have visited聽by the time you聽turn 30?
  • By the time he聽gets聽home, she聽will have cleaned聽the entire room.
  • She聽will have finished聽this test by noon.
  • Phil聽will have drunk ten beers聽by the time the party starts.
  • Will聽she聽have learned聽enough japanese before she聽moves聽to Osaka?

* La duraci贸n de ciertas acciones antes de una fecha o evento futuro

  • I聽will have known聽Sarah for ten years in October.
  • Patrick聽will have lived聽in Sydney for 10 years by 2014.
  • I聽will have been聽in London for six months by the time I leave.
  • By Monday, Karl聽will have had聽my Ipod for a month.
  • We聽will have been聽married for one year next month.

* La creencia de que algo acaba de suceder

  • There’s no point in going to the party. Everybody聽will have left聽by now. (= I’m sure everybody has left the party)
  • The bus聽will have left聽by now. (= I’m sure the bus has left)
  • My parents聽will have arrived聽in Bangkok by now. (I’m sure my parents have arrived in Bangkok)

3/ Notas

鈿狅笍 Puedes usar ‘going to’ en lugar de ‘will’ (el mismo significado).

  • The bus will have left by now. = The bus is going to have left by now.

鈿狅笍 No hay un futuro perfecto con when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc.

Usamos el presente perfecto en su lugar:

  • I am going to play video games when I聽will have finished聽my homework.聽鉂
  • I am going to play video games聽when I聽have finished聽my homework.聽鉁旓笍

鈿狅笍 Expresiones de tiempo comunes

A menudo usamos el futuro perfecto con:

by / by the time / before / by tomorrow / at 7 o’clock / next month / until / till

  • He will have retired聽by the end of this year.聽
  • I聽will have finished that report before the deadline.

鈿狅笍 Forma activa/pasiva

  • Antonio will have repaired the car before the end of the week. (Activa)
  • The car will have been repaired by Antonio before the end of the week. (Pasiva)

 

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