¿Cómo se forma el Futuro Perfecto en inglés?
(I will have played)
– Explicación simple con ejemplos y ejercicios –
⋆ ¡AHORRA TIEMPO! DESCARGA EN UN SOLO CLIC EL PACK COMPLETO: 70 FICHAS DE GRAMÁTICA + TIEMPOS EN PDF ⋆MÁS INFORMACIONES
El futuro perfecto (o futur perfect en inglés) se utiliza generalmente para hablar de acciones que se completarán antes de un determinado momento, evento u otra acción futura.
- He will have finished school before 5pm. (= Saldrá de la escuela a las 5:00.)
- The party will already have finished by the time we get there. (= La fiesta habrá terminado para cuando lleguemos.)
- Tomorrow morning she will have left. (= Mañana por la mañana se habrá ido.)
Sujeto + WILL HAVE + Verbo (participio pasado)
|I / you / he / she / it / we / you / they_||I will have played_||_I will not (= I won’t) have played_||_Will I have played ?_|
- (+) He will have finished work by 5pm.
- (-) He will not have (= won’t have) finished work by 5pm.
- (?) Will he have finished work by 5pm?
Usamos el futuro perfecto para expresarnos:
* Una acción tomada antes de un evento o acción futura…
Algo sucederá antes de otra acción en el futuro, o antes de un momento específico en el futuro (tomorrow, next month, before something, by 2pm…).
Notarán que usamos el presente simple para los puntos de referencia:
- He will have cleaned up the house before they move in.
- She will have written the letter before tonight.
- I will have finished the job before the deadline.
- How many countries will you have visited by the time you turn 30?
- By the time he gets home, she will have cleaned the entire room.
- She will have finished this test by noon.
- Phil will have drunk ten beers by the time the party starts.
- Will she have learned enough japanese before she moves to Osaka?
* La duración de ciertas acciones antes de una fecha o evento futuro
- I will have known Sarah for ten years in October.
- Patrick will have lived in Sydney for 10 years by 2014.
- I will have been in London for six months by the time I leave.
- By Monday, Karl will have had my Ipod for a month.
- We will have been married for one year next month.
* La creencia de que algo acaba de suceder
- There’s no point in going to the party. Everybody will have left by now. (= I’m sure everybody has left the party)
- The bus will have left by now. (= I’m sure the bus has left)
- My parents will have arrived in Bangkok by now. (I’m sure my parents have arrived in Bangkok)
⚠️ Puedes usar ‘going to’ en lugar de ‘will’ (el mismo significado).
- The bus will have left by now. = The bus is going to have left by now.
⚠️ No hay un futuro perfecto con when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc.
Usamos el presente perfecto en su lugar:
- I am going to play video games when I will have finished my homework. ❌
- I am going to play video games when I have finished my homework. ✔️
⚠️ Expresiones de tiempo comunes
A menudo usamos el futuro perfecto con:
by / by the time / before / by tomorrow / at 7 o’clock / next month / until / till
- He will have retired by the end of this year.
- I will have finished that report before the deadline.
⚠️ Forma activa/pasiva
- Antonio will have repaired the car before the end of the week. (Activa)
- The car will have been repaired by Antonio before the end of the week. (Pasiva)
©Miscursosdeingles.com – ¡No copie estas lecciones en otros sitios!