El Futuro Perfecto en inglés

¬ŅC√≥mo se forma el Futuro Perfecto en ingl√©s?

(I will have played)

– Explicaci√≥n simple con ejemplos y ejercicios –

 

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El futuro perfecto (o futur perfect en inglés) se utiliza generalmente para hablar de acciones que se completarán antes de un determinado momento, evento u otra acción futura.

  • He will have finished school before 5pm. (= Saldr√° de la escuela a las 5:00.)¬†
  • The party will already have finished by the time we get there. (= La fiesta habr√° terminado para cuando lleguemos.)
  • Tomorrow morning she will have left. (= Ma√Īana por la ma√Īana se habr√° ido.)¬†

1/ Estructura

Sujeto + WILL HAVE + Verbo (participio pasado)

Afirmativo_ Negativo Pregunta
¬†I / you / he / she / it / we / you / they_ ¬† ¬†I will have played_ ¬†_I will not (= I won’t) have played_ ¬†_Will I have played ?_

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  • (+)¬†He will have finished work by 5pm.
  • (-)¬†He will not have (= won’t have)¬†finished work by 5pm.
  • (?) Will he have¬†finished work by 5pm?

2/ Uso

Usamos el futuro perfecto para expresarnos:

* Una acci√≥n tomada antes de un evento o acci√≥n futura…

Algo suceder√° antes de otra acci√≥n en el futuro, o antes de un momento espec√≠fico en el futuro (tomorrow, next month, before something, by 2pm…).

Notar√°n que usamos el presente simple para los puntos de referencia:

  • He¬†will have cleaned up¬†the house before they move in.
  • She¬†will have written¬†the letter before tonight.
  • I will have finished¬†the job before the deadline.
  • How many countries¬†will you have visited¬†by the time you¬†turn 30?
  • By the time he¬†gets¬†home, she¬†will have cleaned¬†the entire room.
  • She¬†will have finished¬†this test by noon.
  • Phil¬†will have drunk ten beers¬†by the time the party starts.
  • Will¬†she¬†have learned¬†enough japanese before she¬†moves¬†to Osaka?

* La duración de ciertas acciones antes de una fecha o evento futuro

  • I¬†will have known¬†Sarah for ten years in October.
  • Patrick¬†will have lived¬†in Sydney for 10 years by 2014.
  • I¬†will have been¬†in London for six months by the time I leave.
  • By Monday, Karl¬†will have had¬†my Ipod for a month.
  • We¬†will have been¬†married for one year next month.

* La creencia de que algo acaba de suceder

  • There’s no point in going to the party. Everybody¬†will have left¬†by now. (= I’m sure everybody has left the party)
  • The bus¬†will have left¬†by now. (= I’m sure the bus has left)
  • My parents¬†will have arrived¬†in Bangkok by now. (I’m sure my parents have arrived in Bangkok)

3/ Notas

‚ö†ÔłŹ Puedes usar ‘going to’ en lugar de ‘will’ (el mismo significado).

  • The bus will have left by now. = The bus is going to have left by now.

‚ö†ÔłŹ No hay un futuro perfecto con when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc.

Usamos el presente perfecto en su lugar:

  • I am going to play video games when I¬†will have finished¬†my homework.¬†‚ĚĆ
  • I am going to play video games¬†when I¬†have finished¬†my homework.¬†‚úĒÔłŹ

‚ö†ÔłŹ Expresiones de tiempo comunes

A menudo usamos el futuro perfecto con:

by / by the time / before / by tomorrow / at 7 o’clock / next month / until / till

  • He will have retired¬†by the end of this year.¬†
  • I¬†will have finished that report before the deadline.

‚ö†ÔłŹ Forma activa/pasiva

  • Antonio will have repaired the car before the end of the week. (Activa)
  • The car will have been repaired by Antonio before the end of the week. (Pasiva)

 

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