El Futuro Perfecto Continuo en Inglés

¬ŅC√≥mo se forma el Futuro Perfecto Continuo en ingl√©s?

(I will have been playing)

– Explicaci√≥n simple con ejemplos y ejercicios –

 

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El Futuro Perfecto Continuo (o perfecto), tambi√©n llamado en espa√Īol ¬ęfuturo progresivo anterior¬Ľ y future perfect continuous en ingl√®s, es bastante dif√≠cil de dominar pero puede ser pr√°ctico.

Se utiliza para decir cu√°nto tiempo algo habr√° durado hasta cierto punto en el futuro. La duraci√≥n de la acci√≥n suele especificarse con la expresi√≥n de tiempo for o since (for 5 minutes, for two years, since Thursday…). El punto en que se habr√° llevado a cabo la acci√≥n suele indicarse en el presente simple con when o by the time.

  • On january 1st he will have been working¬†at the factory¬†for more than a year¬†. (= En enero habr√° estado trabajando en la f√°brica durante m√°s de un a√Īo.)
  • In just one week from now I will have been living in Tokyo for five years (= En una semana habr√© vivido en Tokio durante cinco a√Īos.).

1/ Estructura

sujeto + will have been + verbo + ing

Afirmativo_ Negativo Pregunta
¬†I / you / he / she / it we / you / they_ ¬† ¬†I will have been playing ¬†_I will not (= I won’t) have been playing¬†_ ¬†_Will I have been playing ?_

 

  • (+) You¬†will (= You’ll) have been playing video games for two hours when her plane finally arrives.
  • (?) Will¬†you¬†have been playing video games¬†for two hours when her plane finally arrives?
  • (-) You¬†will not (= won’t) have been playing video games¬†for two hours when her plane finally arrives.

2/ Uso

* Duración antes de un evento futuro

Notar√°n que los puntos de referencia son al presente simple.

  • By the next year, Camila and her husband will have been living together for twenty years.
  • We will have been talking for over an hour by the time Jos√© arrives.
  • He¬†will have been working¬†at that company for three years when it finally¬†closes.
  • Paloma will have been teaching¬†at the university for 2 years by the time she¬†leaves¬†for Thailand.
  • How long¬†will¬†you¬†have been studying¬†when you¬†graduate?
  • They¬†will have been driving¬†for four hours when they get¬†to Melbourne.
  • When you¬†finish¬†your job,¬†will¬†you¬†have been living¬†in New Zealand for over a year?
  • Before they come, we¬†will have been cleaning¬†the house for two hours.

* La convicción de la causa de una situación futura

Usar el Futuro Perfecto Continuo antes de otra acción futura es una buena manera de mostrar la causa y el efecto.

  • Tina will be tired when he gets home because he¬†will have been working for 12 hours
  • Pablo’s english will be perfect when he returns to Spain because he is going to have been studying English in London for over two years.
  • By this time, he¬†will have been jogging¬†for over an hour¬†so he will be very tired.
  • We will be making a rest stop in half an hour, because you¬†will have been driving¬†the car for 6 hours by then.

3/ Notas

‚ö†ÔłŹ Algunas expresiones comunes con el Futuro Perfecto Continuo:

by tomorrow / 8 o’clock / 8pm / this year / month / week / next year / next month / next week

‚ö†ÔłŹ ¬ŅFuturo Continuo o Futuro Perfecto Continuo?

Si no se especifica una duraci√≥n como ‘for ten minutes‘, ‘for two weeks‘ o ‘since Friday‘, muchos angloparlantes prefieren usar el futuro continuo en lugar del futuro perfecto continuo. Ten cuidado porque esto puede cambiar el significado de la frase.

El futuro continuo insiste en la acción interrumpida, mientras que el futuro perfecto continuo insiste en un tiempo antes de un evento futuro.

  • He will be tired because he will be exercising so hard. (Estar√° cansado porque habr√° estado haciendo deporte en ese mismo momento en el futuro)
  • He will be tired because he will have been exercising so hard. (Estar√° cansado porque ha estado haciendo deporte durante un tiempo. Puede que siga haciendo deporte o puede que acabe de terminar.)

‚ö†ÔłŹ Las siguientes expresiones de tiempo no se usan en el futuro perfecto continuo:

when / while / before / after / by the time / as soon as / if / unless

  • You won’t get a promotion until you¬†will have been working here as long as Miguel. ‚ĚĆ
  • You won’t get a promotion until you have been working here as long as Miguel. ‚úĒÔłŹ

‚ö†ÔłŹ No hay verbos de estado en el futuro perfecto continuo

  • Elena will have been having¬†motorbike for over one year.¬†‚ĚĆ
  • Elena will have had her motorbike for over one year. ‚úĒÔłŹ

‚ö†ÔłŹ Forma activa/pasiva

La forma pasiva con un futuro perfecto continuo no es com√ļn:

  • Juan will have been fixing the car for over six weeks by the time it is finished. (Activa)
  • The car will have been being fixed by Juan for over six weeks by the time it is finished. (Pasiva)

 

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