El Futuro Perfecto Continuo en Ingl茅s

驴C贸mo se forma el Futuro Perfecto Continuo en ingl茅s?

(I will have been playing)

– Explicaci贸n simple con ejemplos y ejercicios –

 

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El Futuro Perfecto Continuo (o perfecto), tambi茅n llamado en espa帽ol 芦futuro progresivo anterior禄 y future perfect continuous en ingl猫s, es bastante dif铆cil de dominar pero puede ser pr谩ctico.

Se utiliza para decir cu谩nto tiempo algo habr谩 durado hasta cierto punto en el futuro. La duraci贸n de la acci贸n suele especificarse con la expresi贸n de tiempo for o since (for 5 minutes, for two years, since Thursday…). El punto en que se habr谩 llevado a cabo la acci贸n suele indicarse en el presente simple con when o by the time.

  • On january 1st he will have been working聽at the factory聽for more than a year聽. (= En enero habr谩 estado trabajando en la f谩brica durante m谩s de un a帽o.)
  • In just one week from now I will have been living in Tokyo for five years (= En una semana habr茅 vivido en Tokio durante cinco a帽os.).

1/ Estructura

sujeto + will have been + verbo + ing

Afirmativo_ Negativo Pregunta
聽I / you / he / she / it we / you / they_ 聽I will have been playing _I will not (= I won’t) have been playing聽_ _Will I have been playing ?_

 

  • (+) You聽will (= You’ll) have been playing video games for two hours when her plane finally arrives.
  • (?) Will聽you聽have been playing video games聽for two hours when her plane finally arrives?
  • (-) You聽will not (= won’t) have been playing video games聽for two hours when her plane finally arrives.

2/ Uso

* Duraci贸n antes de un evento futuro

Notar谩n que los puntos de referencia son al presente simple.

  • By the next year, Camila and her husband will have been living together for twenty years.
  • We will have been talking for over an hour by the time Jos茅 arrives.
  • He聽will have been working聽at that company for three years when it finally聽closes.
  • Paloma will have been teaching聽at the university for 2 years by the time she聽leaves聽for Thailand.
  • How long聽will聽you聽have been studying聽when you聽graduate?
  • They聽will have been driving聽for four hours when they get聽to Melbourne.
  • When you聽finish聽your job,聽will聽you聽have been living聽in New Zealand for over a year?
  • Before they come, we聽will have been cleaning聽the house for two hours.

* La convicci贸n de la causa de una situaci贸n futura

Usar el Futuro Perfecto Continuo antes de otra acci贸n futura es una buena manera de mostrar la causa y el efecto.

  • Tina will be tired when he gets home because he聽will have been working for 12 hours
  • Pablo’s english will be perfect when he returns to Spain because he is going to have been studying English in London for over two years.
  • By this time, he聽will have been jogging聽for over an hour聽so he will be very tired.
  • We will be making a rest stop in half an hour, because you聽will have been driving聽the car for 6 hours by then.

3/ Notas

鈿狅笍 Algunas expresiones comunes con el Futuro Perfecto Continuo:

by tomorrow / 8 o’clock / 8pm / this year / month / week / next year / next month / next week

鈿狅笍 驴Futuro Continuo o Futuro Perfecto Continuo?

Si no se especifica una duraci贸n como ‘for ten minutes‘, ‘for two weeks‘ o ‘since Friday‘, muchos angloparlantes prefieren usar el futuro continuo en lugar del futuro perfecto continuo. Ten cuidado porque esto puede cambiar el significado de la frase.

El futuro continuo insiste en la acci贸n interrumpida, mientras que el futuro perfecto continuo insiste en un tiempo antes de un evento futuro.

  • He will be tired because he will be exercising so hard. (Estar谩 cansado porque habr谩 estado haciendo deporte en ese mismo momento en el futuro)
  • He will be tired because he will have been exercising so hard. (Estar谩 cansado porque ha estado haciendo deporte durante un tiempo. Puede que siga haciendo deporte o puede que acabe de terminar.)

鈿狅笍 Las siguientes expresiones de tiempo no se usan en el futuro perfecto continuo:

when / while / before / after / by the time / as soon as / if / unless

  • You won’t get a promotion until you聽will have been working here as long as Miguel. 鉂
  • You won’t get a promotion until you have been working here as long as Miguel. 鉁旓笍

鈿狅笍 No hay verbos de estado en el futuro perfecto continuo

  • Elena will have been having聽motorbike for over one year.聽鉂
  • Elena will have had her motorbike for over one year. 鉁旓笍

鈿狅笍 Forma activa/pasiva

La forma pasiva con un futuro perfecto continuo no es com煤n:

  • Juan will have been fixing the car for over six weeks by the time it is finished. (Activa)
  • The car will have been being fixed by Juan for over six weeks by the time it is finished. (Pasiva)

 

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